Replies published here are provided for informational and educational purposes only and are intended to support and complement — not replace — any existing relationship between a reader and their mental healthcare professional.
Our psychologists offer only feedback and personal comment; they do not diagnose or claim to diagnose via Ask the Psychologist. Accurate psychological assessment cannot be made on the basis of a single email question submitted anonymously to a psychologist, and no psychological assessment services are offered by this site.
Replies published here are not intended to convey psychological or medical advice, and no patient-psychologist or client-therapist relationship is created by virtue of a reader sending a question to Ask the Psychologist, or by virtue of our publishing a reply by a psychologist. If you are concerned that you may be experiencing a mental health problem, please consult directly with a mental health professional or a physician.
Published replies represent the considered professional opinion of the individual psychologist providing that reply; no endorsement of the views expressed by an individual psychologist is either expressed or implied by the publisher of this site or by the reviewer or editor assigned to an individual post.
All clinical material on this site is peer reviewed by one or more clinical psychologists or other qualified mental health professionals. Originally published by Dr Greg Mulhauser, Managing Editor on .on and last reviewed or updated by